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Jesus Christ was born circa 6 B. Little is known about his early life, but his life and his ministry are recorded in the New Testament, more a theological document than a biography. According to Christians, Jesus is considered the incarnation of God and his teachings are followed as an example for living a more spiritual life.

Christians believe he died for the sins of all people and rose from the dead.

THE APOSTOLIC AGE

These are not biographies in the modern sense but accounts with allegorical intent. Jesus was born circa 6 B.

The early life of Jesus

His mother, Mary, was a virgin who was betrothed to Joseph, a carpenter. Christians believe Jesus was born through Immaculate Conception. His lineage can be traced back to the house of David. There is very little written about Jesus's early life. The Gospel of Luke recounts that a year-old Jesus had accompanied his parents on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and became separated. Throughout the New Testament, there are trace references of Jesus working as a carpenter while a young adult.

It is believed that he began his ministry at age 30 when he was baptized by John the Baptist, who upon seeing Jesus, declared him the Son of God.

HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIANITY

After baptism, Jesus went into the Judean desert to fast and meditate for 40 days and nights. The Devil appeared and tempted Jesus three times, once to turn stone to bread, once to cast himself off a mountain where angels would save him, and once to offer him all the kingdoms of the world.

All three times, Jesus rejected the Devil's temptation and sent him off. Jesus returned to Galilee and made trips to neighboring villages. During this time, several people became his disciples. One of these was Mary Magdalene, who is first mentioned the Gospel of Luke and later in all four gospels at the crucifixion. Though not mentioned in the context of the "12 disciples," she is considered to have been involved in Jesus's ministry from the beginning to his death and after.

Name and title

According to the gospels of Mark and John, Jesus appeared to Magdalene first after his resurrection. According to the Gospel of John , as Jesus was beginning his ministry, he and his disciples traveled with his mother, Mary, to a wedding at Cana in Galilee. The wedding host had run out of wine and Jesus's mother came to him for help.

At first, Jesus refused to intervene, but then he relented and asked a servant to bring him large jars filled with water. He turned the water into a wine of higher quality than any served during the wedding. John's gospel depicts the event as the first sign of Jesus's glory and his disciples' belief in him. After the wedding, Jesus, his mother Mary and his disciples traveled to Jerusalem for Passover. At the temple, they saw moneychangers and merchants selling wares.


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The Synoptic Gospels chronicle Jesus as he traveled through Judea and Galilee, using parables and miracles to explain how the prophecies were being fulfilled and that the kingdom of God was near. As word spread of Jesus's teaching and healing the sick and diseased, more people began to follow him. At one point, Jesus came to a level area and was joined by a great number of people. There, at the Sermon on the Mount, he presented several discourses, known as the Beatitudes, which encapsulate many of the spiritual teachings of love, humility and compassion.

As Jesus continued preaching about the kingdom of God, the crowds grew larger and began to proclaim him as the son of David and as the Messiah. The Pharisees heard of this and publicly challenged Jesus, accusing him of having the power of Satan. He defended his actions with a parable, then questioned their logic and told them such thinking denied the power of God, which only further hardened their resolve to work against him. Near the city of Caesarea Philippi, Jesus talked with his disciples.

According to the gospels of Matthew , Mark and Luke , he asked, "Who do you say that I am? Jesus then proclaimed Peter to be the leader of the church. Less than a week later, Jesus took three of his disciples to a high mountain where they could pray alone. According to the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus's face began shining like the sun and his entire body glowed with a white light.

Then, the prophets Elijah and Moses appeared, and Jesus talked to them. A bright cloud emerged around them, and a voice said, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him. It supports the identity of Jesus as the Christ, the Son of the living God. Jesus arrived in Jerusalem, the week before the holiday of Passover, riding on a donkey.

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Great numbers of people took palm branches and greeted him at the city's entry. They praised him as the Son of David and as the Son of God. The priests and Pharisees, fearful of the growing public adulation, felt he must be stopped. All four Gospels describe Jesus's final week in Jerusalem. During this time, Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead, confronted moneychangers and merchants in the temple, and debated with the high priests who questioned Jesus's authority.

He told his disciples about the coming days and that Jerusalem's temple would be destroyed. Meanwhile, the chief priests and elders met with high priest Caiaphas, and set plans in motion to arrest Jesus. One of the disciples, Judas, met with the chief priests and told them how he would deliver Jesus to them. They agreed to pay him 30 pieces of silver. Jesus and his 12 disciples met for the Passover meal, and he gave them his final words of faith. He also foretold of his betrayal by one of the disciples and privately let Judas know it was he. Jesus told Peter that before a rooster crowed the next morning, he would have denied knowing Jesus three times.

source site In fact, in early Buddhism what seems to have garnered far more attention are the accounts of Buddha's supposed previous lives. Many of these stories, attributed to Buddha himself, appear to go back to the earliest days of Buddhism. At least by the beginning of the first century AD, these stories had been written down into organized collections. They focus on tales of how he is said to have acquired the various Buddhist virtues in previous lives which he then possessed together in full in his final life as the Buddha, a life about which we are told very little.

It was not until the early second century AD, or roughly half a millennia after Buddha's life that the first biography of Buddha was written in the form of an epic poem called the Buddhacarita. Buddhism does not claim or allow for any divine or supernatural aid to the accuracy of these late stories of Buddha's life; and from a purely natural and human perspective, there is not a lot of reason to presume that these biographies are especially accurate accounts of the events of a life from which they are so far removed.

For this reason, scholars are tentative at best in saying just about anything with certainty about the specific details of the life of Buddha beyond the most basic biographical data preserved in the earliest sources. The New Testament manuscript tradition is extremely vast, and covering it in detail is beyond the scope of this article. Here we will cover only a few relevant points.

The Hidden Teachings of Jesus

The earliest fragment we have from the Gospels is a small piece of the Gospel of John from around AD. The first roughly complete surviving copy of all four gospels is from around AD, 17 or about years after the originals. There are many large fragments of each of the four gospels dating variously in between. The earliest copies we possess of the entire New Testament together as one volume are from the 4th century AD, or around years after the originals, and we have more than one copy that old.

These dates are highly significant. A variety of studies demonstrate that it was not uncommon for manuscripts in the Roman world to remain in use for around years.


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  • Despite the large volume of criticism against the New Testament literature, the early testimony we possess of these texts is simply beyond comparison. The earliest fragments we have of collections of Buddha's teachings are pieces of manuscripts that come from around the late first or second century AD. Our earliest manuscript of a roughly complete collection of Buddha's canonical sayings does not appear until the middle ages, 23 some 1, years after they were first written down. The oldest copy we have of Buddha's earliest biography is an incomplete manuscript from about the turn of the 14th Century AD, at least in the original language.

    It not only removes or simplifies the elements of Hindu mythology preserved in the other versions 27 but also adds elements of Chinese mythology, history, and even Chinese place names obviously alien to the original.